Media Enviroment
一 30 9月 2019

New A.I. Development trends: What’s new in Artificial Intelligence in 2019


Artificial Intelligence is the mimicking of human intelligence by machines or computer systems. That means that A.I. devices are able to learn, self -correct and reason (reach their own conclusions by applying rules). And they learn by exploiting a new renewable resource: the vast array of data generated by the digital industry. We are just starting to find out the scope of the tasks A.I.s can help us with. Is A.I. the next revolution waiting to happen? What's next for Artificial Intelligence?


Your Next co-Doctor: An A.I.
A.I. healthcare is expected to almost double in the next five years. The increasing workload caused by a bigger and aging world population means that doctors will need more help.
Through smart algorithms, A.I.s are already learning to diagnose illnesses by finding patterns in larger quantities of data than humans can deal with (Big Data). For instance, they are currently better than humans at predicting mortality but they are also helping to improve the accuracy of cancer detection in image scans and in predicting heart attacks by using multiple image data inputs. Another example: Google's DeepMind is using 3D retina scans to identify eye diseases. Given these results, the medical community is hoping that A.I.s could be a real game-changer in preemptive medicine, helping with the early detection of a disease rather than treating sick patients. Of course, human doctors will not be replaced by A.I.s anytime soon, as they are indispensable to add context, personalize treatments and provide patients with human interaction, but in the next few years they'll be working regularly hand-in-hand with them.


A.I.s are also becoming Researchers
A.I. is also entering other fields of healthcare industry, such as drug development. Recently, a team of scientists at Flinders University in Australia introduced what they claim to be the world's first A.I. developed vaccine.
The process of designing this new flu vaccine has taken just two years, versus the usual five when a human team is involved. It is also considered to be more effective than a traditional vaccine as it stimulates the human immune system to create more antibodies. The use of artificial intelligence has also proved to have a dramatic impact in reducing costs in the overall research project.


Robot Artists - Using A.I. to (Re)Create Art
Creativity has always been one of the main traits that define us as humans. But artistic pursuits seem not to belong just to mankind anymore. Writer Robin Sloan is being assisted by an artificial intelligence (a software program that he developed himself) in the creation of his latest novel. The A.I. suggests possible endings to sentences written by Sloan that spark the writer's imagination. Can artificial intelligence also write music? Apparently, yes: A.I.s are being trained (or "fed") with hits in all kinds of music styles so they can find patterns they later use to compose new music. Pop artist Taryn Southern used the music A.I. Amper to co-produce her entire album I AM AI.


A.I. for a Better Farming
Despite all of the amazing digital innovations, small farming units, particularly in developing countries, are still struggling to produce enough food to eat and need low-tech and inexpensive solutions to fight frequent plagues. The Plant Village research project aims to democratize A.I. technology to empower smallholder farmers in Africa so they can lift (rise, not lift) out of poverty, conditioning systems in real-time, considering previous usage, schedules, temperature and weather conditions, cost of energy at the time, number of people in the room... etc


A.I. Neurotechnology - Using A.I. implants to enhance the brain but how far can artificial intelligence go towards transforming our reality? Can it also modify the way our body and perception work? Neuralink is one of the lesser-known Elon Musk projects, focusing on implantable brain-machine or brain-computer interfaces. A technology that some have described as a "wizard hat" for the brain. Short term, Musk expects to repair brain function for medical reasons, treating severe brain diseases, and to better understand the brain. Long term, he hopes to develop devices that are completely integrated into the brain so humans will have the capacity to wirelessly connect with other people's brain interfaces and computers via the cloud. That is, a complete symbiosis with artificial intelligence or a mental 'human enhancement', the technological alteration of our human body to enhance our natural mental capabilities.


After all, he believes, a neural implant linking our brain to computers is not such a long stretch given our current dependency on smartphones and laptops that have become a de facto digital extension of ourselves.
Musk is already recruiting renowned neuroscientists for the project but he is keeping it low profile for the moment. What else could the future of A.I. bring?


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